SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Mon, 30 May 2016 16:19:45 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Webinar: Container-Based Sanitation Solutions - examples from Haiti, Kenya, Ghana (Thursday, March 17, 11 am New York time) - by: SOILHaiti Mobile toilets, container-based toilets, bag-based toilets Mon, 30 May 2016 15:19:09 +0000 Re: SuSanA monthly webinar 2: Collaborative monitoring, a prerequisite to achieve universal access to WASH, May 26th, 9:00 EDT (New York time) - by: SDickin Thank you to everyone who participated in the webinar on collaborative monitoring.

Questions from the webinar are shared below, and some are answered in the recording.

Alex Wolf (Borda): Question: How can community level monitoring information be aggregated and delivered to national level?

Laurra Olmsted: UniWater Education is starting new university programs in Africa. We need to be able the understand the impacts of these programs.

Emily Balls: I work on SHARE (of which WaterAid is a partner!) which is a research consortium on Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity - we have four focus countries and as part of our impact level indicators in our logframe we are monitoring the number of people gaining access to improved sanitation each year. We are now looking at basing our targets on WASHWatch data re how many people need to gain access each year in order to reachSDG targets.I'm interested in learning whether - and how - others are using WASHwatch data in their monitoring and evaluation work?

Shabana (UNESCO-IHE): How does WASHwatch include data on access to water for different socio-economic class within urban areas or within cities? How does it also include data on use of groundwater within cities?

James Wambua, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya: How does WASH watch define "Access to Sanitation"?

Shawn Africa Our Home: (15:34) Is this tool available?

Tugrul Yegenaga: WaterAid where can we get info specific and technical please

Dak Victor (IOM): How does this tool work in emergency areas

Kim Nace: How long has WASHwatch been active? What goals for this forum in the next year?

James Wambua: Are there individuals who have undertaken water supply and sanitation data monitoring or is this a job that only governments and NGO's do?

Kim Nace: To create a full platform - how many people would you need to have working on WASHwatch full time?

Jose Carlos, University of Birmingham: I wonder how is the collaborative work with governments in getting data and whether you could get more information with alternative strategies and maybe with the help from natives. How to reach the right persons willing to collaborate?

Rick Johnston (JMP): The website is very nice, congratulations! Is it possible for users to download data, for example when using the Country Comparison function?

Regine Skarubowiz: How do you encourage national and local partners to provide data for wash watch?

Wini @unesco-ihe: What does the platform you do to validate the data you got? To reduce the risk of spreading biased or incorrect data?

Feel free to post your own questions or comments on collaborative monitoring in this thread for the presenters and other SuSanA members to jump in.

We hope to see you at the next monthly webinar.
best regards,
Webinars and online meetings Mon, 30 May 2016 12:15:56 +0000
Menstrual Health Landscapes: Kenya, Ethiopia, and India - by: fltmazzola Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Mon, 30 May 2016 01:15:07 +0000 Reply: Brainstorming the Kampala WASH Symposium - by: antakarutimana Warm greetings

I would like the following during the Symposium:

- 1) A good discussion on different approaches and their implementation process for behaviour change and sustainability of WASH services

- 2) I want to learn from experiences and results on integration WASH Nutrition from strategy, to institutional arrangement and resources

- 3) My thoughts on the topic of the Symposium "From Projects to Services: WASH Sustainability through Whole Systems Approaches" is that from discussions we will (1) try to fill the gap from policy to practice, (2) discuss on what makes better results and (3) get facts to inform WASH projects' implementation for sustainable services.

I thank you very much for the efforts to make the Symposium a "Unique occasion" for passionate Key WASH Actors and wish you all the best

My Best regards
Amans Ntakarutimana
Kampala WASH Symposium Sun, 29 May 2016 19:08:23 +0000
Re: New strategy stops pollution and saves the plant nutrients for future recovery (new Smart Toilet from Sweden, a new type of composting toilet) - by: clint
In the beginning the first Clivus had several inverted v-shaped air channels in the mid-section to provide the much needed air for adequate aeration of the interior of the composting mass. The problem was that those multiple air channels restricted the mass from settling when a person was trying to scoop out the finished compost at the bottom of the non-working sloping glacial floor concept.

Another previous disgruntled Clivus distributor, Glen Nelson, came up with air channels on the side walls to help at least provide air to the side composting surfaces vertically with no restrictions as with the previous Clivus design. I tried those also but Glen's tank as well as all of the others, the compost sits on the bottom of the tank with no potential for oxygen getting down to the bottom.

Glen also incorporates a manual composting mixing system similar to our automated mixing agitation system on our tanks.

I have no idea who has invented the composting concept that a composting mass can sit there unattended with no carbon source, without any maintenance to remove the hydrocarbons, which do not compost, for more than one or two years.

Carl is going to have a difficult time introducing you to one of HIS Smart Toilets in operation for several years because there are none!

Our technologies are based upon 45 years of hands-on development and the majority of installations in actual single family residences instead of the public facility market, which is where Clivus and Glen make their money. You will also determine that our technologies address ALL aspects of water and sanitation instead of just thinking that the toilet is the only players in the water and wastewater treatment industry. What about food scraps and the resulting solid waste industry?

As I stated before, composting needs oxygen and should be maintained from the top to the bottom with designs that facilitate the addition of a carbon source, a regular method of mixing and removal.

The french fry basket idea that we have perfected works perfectly and the augers make it much easier to recover the valuable composted/vermiculture worm casting resources. The liquid is liquid and not mixed with finished compost and is easily transferred to the compost tea reservoir with the float activated pump. The agitators are a major factor in the aeration of the fresh compost into the top surfaces for the worms to eat and the aerobic organisms to appreciate the Ferris Wheel ride along with a couple of worms free wheeling.

Our tanks are low-profile and double-walled for containment and strength. With the amount of pressure that can be created with a box full of poo on the side walls of any tank should be considered in the specifications of the "Smart Toilet" manufactured end-product.

To help facilitate your research. There are very few large composting tank manufacturers and survivors. All of the large designs are manual and do not provide adequate mixing, aeration and removal components. We made ours automated because humanity is lazy and does not like to deal with poo.

Over the past 45 years we have learned that no matter what system you want to utilize you HAVE to have a managed monitoring and maintenance program that is independent of the homeowner. A decentralized infrastructure with a paid work force from the profits of the sale of the fertilizer resources. There are lots of little composters that do not work at all.

Good luck in your research as you dig into the "History of the Pioneers in the Composting Toilet Industry".

I am attaching a draft of an article I recently wrote concerning water supply and the need for changes in the plumbing supply system.

User interface technology innovations Sun, 29 May 2016 13:27:19 +0000
Re: New strategy stops pollution and saves the plant nutrients for future recovery (new Smart Toilet from Sweden, a new type of composting toilet) - by: hajo
Besides Clint’s quite critical comments on the Clivus/CompostEra system, I have also received other emails privately which point in the same direction. Unfortunately most comments do not detail what possibly does not work with that system, but rather advertise/promote their own system (Human Endeavors, ECOLOO) as more 'perfect' composting systems.

Thus I want to emphasise, that our crucial aim is a ‘sustainable’ sanitation chain. If at a certain stage or with additional processes the products can be re-used as compost or fertiliser, that is an extra but not the primary target.

Therefore again the questions: can the CompostEra system fulfil its promises of safeguarding human excreta for long time without much maintenance, while producing continuously ‘compost tea’ as fertilizer and eventually some compost accumulated in the container after 30 years on the basis of vermi-composting as described on their website.

In the spite of the critical comments, it is hard to believe that a system is marketed at 3-4,000 EUR in Europe which does not deliver as promised. Would the product not be off the market due to bad reputation?

I consider it should not be necessary to buy a CompostEra/Smart Toilet myself and try over several years to find whether it works or not. @Carl, can you possibly provide a list of customers who are more or less satisfied with the system (since 5, 10 or more years) and who I can contact by email. We are planning city-wide sanitation chains in Moshi and we need to know whether the technique of the Smart Toilet is a possible solution without piloting them.

I have been surprised during these discussions what ‘competition’ exists between different suppliers of these types of composting toilets.

User interface technology innovations Sun, 29 May 2016 12:04:14 +0000
Recording from our second monthly SuSanA webinar (26 May) now available - by: muench

The topic was: Collaborative monitoring, a prerequisite to achieve universal access to WASH
The main presenter was: Elisa Dehove - Policy Officer - Monitoring and Accountability, WaterAid]]>
Webinars and online meetings Sun, 29 May 2016 04:15:10 +0000
Re: Looking for Experts to Inform an IDB Study on Water and Sanitation as a Business in Latin America/Caribbean - by: clint
The Human Endeavors Company, that has been in the decentralized onsite separation, treatment and recycling business for over 45 years would appreciate you taking the time to view this video.

Our technologies convert toilet and organic resources into profitable agricultural soil amendments and the business is supported with profits from the sales of the fertilizer and the monitoring and maintenance performed on the systems.

The monitoring is via the internet and the rate is based upon the amount of water treated and recycled.

The Human Endeavors Company is moving to Costa Rica in 2016 and looks forward to volunteering for your study.

I am inserting a draft article with pictures on plumbing separation, which can provide reverse osmosis concentrate water to all of the toilets and the remaining permeate RO water to every other plumbing fixture in the residence without losing a drop of water.


Clint Elston
Market development in action Sun, 29 May 2016 01:24:44 +0000
Re: Brainstorming the Kampala WASH Symposium - by: mwaniki
According to Population Estimates and Projections in Sub-Sahara Africa and Asia are 1.4 billion and 4.3 billion respectively by 2030. That will be 67% of the total world’s population of about 8.5 billion. Although Devex reports that extreme poverty is expected to drop by 4.9 percent, UN estimates that by 2030 nearly half the global population could be facing water scarcity. Demand could outstrip supply by 40 percent.

WHO, JMP 2015 reports are that today, almost 2.5 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation. ......At current rates of reduction, open defecation will not be eliminated among the poorest in rural areas by 2030.

Hygiene - There was no specific target on hygiene in the MDGS, however its health benefits are significant and linked to adequate water and sanitation. The JMP covers hygiene practices in its data gathering. Data from over 50 countries show low levels of handwashing in many countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, in the 38 countries for which data are available, it is at best 50%.

These reports are not at all encouraging. I would like to hear from the experts in the Symposium what planning, investment in people, social support and policies are being put in place by governments and agencies to manage these challenges by the 2030 when the SDG number 6 which aims to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all is supposed to be realized.

Kind regards / Mwaniki]]>
Kampala WASH Symposium Sat, 28 May 2016 23:13:56 +0000
Testing of new pit latrine designs? - Participatory design, corbelled pit latrines - Mzuzu University, Malawi - by: rochelleholm
Testing methods for new pit latrine designs in rural and peri-urban areas of Malawi where conventional testing is difficult to employ

R. C. G. Chidya, R. H. Holm, M. Tembo, B. Cole, P. Workneh and J. Kanyama
Environmental Science Water Research & Technology
DOI: 10.1039/c5ew00246j

There is a trend towards participation of users in the design of appropriate sanitation facilities for low- income countries. However, testing the safety and durability of these technologies for rural and peri-urban communities is a challenge in low-income countries due to the lack of resources and access to conventional tests. This paper highlights testing methods used for pit latrine designs developed through participatory design approaches in Malawi. Two designs were tested with devised and/or conventional methods: (i) a corbelled pit latrine targeted for rural areas and (ii) an improved transitional pit latrine targeted for peri- urban areas. Devised testing methods proved to be useful and easy to implement by masons in the rural and peri-urban areas of Malawi. Novel pit latrine designs in Malawi require robust and innovative approaches to address the limited access to conventional tests. Both the conventional and devised testing methods demonstrated that the two designs have a satisfactory life-span and can support the users' load. The findings of this paper can be a model for the scale-up of integration of community ideas for participa- tory pit latrine design testing based in low-income countries where conventional testing is difficult to employ.!divAbstract]]>
Pit latrines (e.g. simple pit latrines, VIP latrines, dual pit pour flush latrines - i.e. toilets using a hole in the ground) Sat, 28 May 2016 12:33:00 +0000
Re: Festival toilets in Europe (Great Britain, France, Germany, ...) - by: Kevinkuhn
In the last year the communication between the different companies got better and with that also knowledge sharing. Apart from seeing everyone become more professional in all aspects, I want to share the development regarding the disposal of the collected feces and urine.

In the past years there were no legal ways for proper treatment/composting for the residuals. Therefore we started our activities by storing the material. At that point the quantities were very low and unproblematic.

However, as the market demand for composting toilets in festivals increases, every player in the field needed to come up with a legal and scalable solution. Through intense research and lobbying at the different stakeholders in the waste spectrum (administration, unions, collectors, composting sites) there is now a solution.

It is legal to dispose the solid residuals (sawdust, toilet paper and feces) as municipal waste in a MBT plant (Mechanical - Biological - Treatment plant) if you can declare your material as waste. At these facilities the material gets either composted or incinerated. The composted material will usually be used for non-food applications as i.e. parks.

With that way of disposal there are also a couple of downsides:

1) It is not totally transparent what is happening with the material, if it gets composted or incinerated. We rely only on oral statements by the facility staff.

2) The material needs to contain very little fluids. This requires a filtering of liquids and solid matter before disposal, which is an extra process and coupled with technical complexity. Especially in public toilets the share of liquids is higher than on private toilets. The liquids need to go into the waste water treatment plant, which produces higher costs and the valuable urine can´get reused.

3) The costs for disposal are quite high. Prices range currently between 160€/t - 260€/t. Additionally a container needs to be ordered to transport the material from the festival site to the composting facility, which produces extra costs of 90€ - 160€ .

4) A few of the facilities still refuse to take the material and the number of facilities is limited in a region. The reasons for refusal are usually fear and lack of knowledge. This leads in such scenario to higher distances and with that to higher costs and unnecessary truck emissions.

We are happy to have a first solution. However, it also leads to competitive disadvantages against suppliers of chemical toilets. We at EcoToiletten (and I suppose every other player in Germany agrees) wish more support from local administrations and composting facility to solve the problems described above. Especially by having the chance to dispose the material in every composting site without special treatment permissions (which are vastly available) the financial disadvantages would decrease. Also administrative support through sharing of knowledge would help to reduce concerns about the material.

I felt that sharing this development might be helpful for one or another. Hopefully in the future we will receive money from the disposal instead of bearing the costs of it

Public toilets at events or festivals Sat, 28 May 2016 09:38:57 +0000
Re: Crib/zeolite public dry toilet near Kiev (Ukraine) report - by: BPopov The foundation is of poured concrete around 30 cm wide and 50 cm deep initially . The funnnel shape on the inside chamber perimeter was given on the third day by trowel upon removing mould planks. Actually next time I would go simply for narrower foundation -- 20 cm or so.]]> Shared toilets, community toilets or public toilets Sat, 28 May 2016 05:40:53 +0000 Re: Examples of sanitation ventures producing and selling fertiliser products derived from human excreta - by: KaiMikkel Fertiliser, soil conditioner, production of crops Sat, 28 May 2016 01:26:03 +0000 Re: Looking for Experts to Inform an IDB Study on Water and Sanitation as a Business in Latin America/Caribbean - by: KaiMikkel

Rainwater Harvesting, Onsite Greywater -
Rainwater Harvesting, Water Testing, Filter Manufacturing -
Resilient Sanitation, Rainwater Harvesting, Onsite Greywater Systems -


Resilient Sanitation -


Resilient Sanitation, Onsite Greywater Systems -


Resilient Sanitation -]]>
Market development in action Sat, 28 May 2016 01:13:32 +0000
Re: Crib/zeolite public dry toilet near Kiev (Ukraine) report - by: KaiMikkel Shared toilets, community toilets or public toilets Sat, 28 May 2016 00:53:25 +0000