SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Fri, 09 Dec 2016 13:29:08 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: How can companies incentivise sanitation - by: sandhyat
This is turning out be a very informative discussion. Hopefully, someone from the corporate sector can share their insights.

I agree with Nitya- for incentivisation, we need to reward companies for their behavior rather than adopt a "shame" approach.

Our experience with corporates is that many of them are not well versed with what sanitation programs entail per se. also in the rish top achieve certain certifications, programs run the risk of slippage.

Found Sanjay's contributions very interesting and that has been our experience as well. The Tamil Nadu government has been an especially responsive government. I was speaking to an official with the Tamil Nadu Urban Development Fund (TNUDF) and they informed us that the basic infrastructure for sanitation programs exists in most cities in TN which makes the implementation of programs smoother and easier. We've been also told by others that such a case may not exist in other states per se.

Diana- your comments on MFIs was very insightful. While we have not worked with MFIs per se, we have worked with a media and fim production company here to leverage something similar as what you had mentioned BBC is doing. It's interesting that organizations are trying to find how their core competencies can be leveraged to push initiatives through.]]>
Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Fri, 09 Dec 2016 12:54:23 +0000
upcycle shower, Upfallshower - by: sjoerdnienhuys To combat water and heat wastage the Upfallshower has been developed. The Upfallshower recycles 90% of the water, thus saving 90% of the water and energy requirements. The recycled water is filtered and UV desinfected; thus upcycled. To maintain the warm temperature a small amount of hot water is added.
I am installing one in my house.
For more information see attachment with English language explanation: and]]>
Greywater, blackwater or wastewater reuse, irrigation Fri, 09 Dec 2016 11:40:00 +0000
Re: small biogas system linked with CHP to produce electricity - by: sanjayg111 Production of biochar, fuel or electricity Fri, 09 Dec 2016 11:22:37 +0000 Re: How can companies incentivise sanitation - by: sanjayg111
The outreach of companies for incentivizing sanitation, particular in rural sanitation is limited, unless the company having its CSR fund particularly focuses on rural segment of the population. Many of the companies themselves need orientation on sanitation and then developing a CSR plan that supplements the Swachhta mission, requires a focussed approach and partnership. Coimbatore, A South India city has done commendable work on partnering with CSR and building toilets. The initiative came from the municipality. But again it is relatively simpler to work in urban areas than rural.

Some of my experience shows that MFIs and all type of other banks (public or private sector) can play a huge role in both supporting sanitation market as well as access to water supply. A project done over 4 years in Kenya and Rwanda shows that incentivizing banks (capacity building and port-folio development for WATSAN) to provide loans can increase self supply of water and sanitation very quickly. And if the banks top up their CSR fund with WATSAN loans, it can spread much quicker. I am attaching a link to this paper that describes the results of MFIs in WATSAN.

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Fri, 09 Dec 2016 11:16:33 +0000
Global Sanitation Fund case study: Gender & CLTS in Malagasy communities - by: OUmelo Read the case study on or download the attachment below.]]> Behaviour change and user psychology issues Fri, 09 Dec 2016 10:16:07 +0000 WaterAid School WASH research in Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Nepal - by: JacquesPiP
WaterAid just published four interesting reports on WinS in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.

These documents present the findings of a research project recently carried out by Partnerships in Practice for WaterAid. The project not only provided WaterAid with an opportunity to undertake comprehensive WinS bottleneck analyses in these four countries, but it allowed to dig a bit deeper and explore the underlying causes of strengths and weaknesses. A wide range of political economy factors, often well-known by practitioners but unfortunately rarely factored in programmes, have thus been uncovered and analysed.

These four case study reports deliver interesting insights into WinS dynamics at central, district and local levels. Good practices from various organisations are also extracted and practical recommendations made to contribute to sustainable and inclusive WASH services in schools.

The four reports, attached below, are also available on this webpage.

This work has been supported by a grant by H&M Foundation.

Best regards

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 09 Dec 2016 09:56:38 +0000
Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: F H Mughal
Thank you for sharing useful and interesting information.

Mark: You say:"There is a also a notion that providing sanitation will encourage more people to camp on public land." Does that mean that the municipal departments will not provide sanitation facilities to them?

Your attachment, along with the photos therein, is interesting. Just one query: How is the sewage ultimately disposed off?


F H Mughal]]>
Urban informal settlements and slums Fri, 09 Dec 2016 05:17:21 +0000
Re: Online Course Faecal Sludge Management: next run January - May 2017! - by: alcamachog
It is a huge demand for addressing the problem with sludge on sanitation.
Please, take mi into account.

Sincerely yours,

Alvaro Camacho G.
Water and Sanitation Specialist
La Paz - Bolivia]]>
Courses (including online courses) and trainings Fri, 09 Dec 2016 04:31:59 +0000
Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: markllo
Until you solve these problems there will be a large population of people lacking basic sanitation. I'll pose 2 separate problems that are getting different levels of attention in Seattle.

1. People "living on the streets" who do not have easy access to public toilets. There are public toilets being installed in Seattle that provide some relief here. Carol can provide more background than I can on the storied history of these.

2. People living in encampments (this is the really new thing in the past few years). A large number of people have setup camp on public land, often next to the freeways owned by the State Department of transportation. This is where the system has broken down as they are in legal limbo in an area where there does not appear to be agreement on jurisdiction. There is a also a notion that providing sanitation will encourage more people to camp on public land. Many of these encampments are in places where it would be fairly simple to provide unglamorous Honey Buckets. Other places (including a 2 mile stretch underneath I-5 called "The Jungle") are more difficult to service with traditional portable solutions. This is where there is a need for some original thinking.

It is important to note that the encampments are very lose collections of people with high amounts of intravenous drug use, mental illness and generally low motivation to be socially compliant when provided a toilet of any kind of complexity. I've setup simple five gallon porta pottis in privacy tents and find that a toilet will often not be use correctly, then when other people come upon the toilet that was not flushed properly it won't be used until someone flushes the waste properly.

One thing that can be done is to encourage local health authorities to accept homeless sanitation as as part of their core mission. It is unacceptable that there are hundreds or even thousands of people living in a county or municipality without basic sanitation, and it is the responsibility of the Board of Health to acknowledge this. In Seattle / King County the Board of Health includes both members of the City and County Councils. I'm attaching a two minute comment I gave at the last Seattle/King County Board of Health meeting that led to the issue being put on the Department of Health's agenda. We'll see where things go from here.]]>
Urban informal settlements and slums Thu, 08 Dec 2016 21:26:07 +0000
Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: KaiMikkel Urban informal settlements and slums Thu, 08 Dec 2016 20:38:05 +0000 Re: Internship with Cairn Foundation - by: dannyogwo Daniel]]> Jobs, consultancies, internships Thu, 08 Dec 2016 15:46:01 +0000 Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: F H Mughal
Thank you for your feedback. The factors you mentioned - economy, mental illness, addiction, migration, are strong enough to cause homelessness.

Just one query: Is this happening in other US cities?

You are right - we should talk of sanitation. It is just that I thought it would be helpful to understand background of an area, before taking sanitation head-on, in that area.


F H Mughal]]>
Urban informal settlements and slums Thu, 08 Dec 2016 14:37:59 +0000
Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: Carol McCreary
Yes, most homeless San Franciscans once had houses in San Francisco. The most recent research here on the west coast shows that the economy, particularly the housing market to be a cause urban houselessness. Other factors contribute - mental illness, addiction, rural to urban migration - but not as much as most people think.

This research comes from the federally mandated tracking every city does in the form of a Point-in-Time count of people sleeping on the street or in emergency shelters. This census takes place on one night in the month of January. The links to the report are The article on the 71% is a brief review of the most recent report issued by the San Francisco government and partner NGOs. You have to click on the links in an article to get to the hard data and the analysis on which the article is based.

It's NOT our purpose here to study homelessness, but rather appropaches to meeting the SANITATION needs for a certain segment of the US population. However, I thought some background links would be useful to international researchers and scholars who may hold the same stereotypes of homeless people held by many Americans.

To get back on the topic of this thread, I'll add additional links specifically on sanitation to my post of yesterday.

Urban informal settlements and slums Thu, 08 Dec 2016 14:08:55 +0000
Re: How can companies incentivise sanitation - by: dmulatya In Kenya, the project is looking at possibilities for working with MFI's to provide low interest loans for sanitation business entrepreneurs. The project will provide collateral's to banks, and sanitation businesses are able to develop cheaper priced technological products/services to the consumer. We are also working with media companies where a forged partnership with media action (development arm of BBC)is mentoring/developing capacities for local media stations to raise the profile and demand for sanitation in local communities. For sanitation companies, demand and motivation for sanitation in comuunities is dependent on individual taste and preferences. Where several user friendly and affordable options are developed and tested, then the different market segments are able to choose products with marginal utility.

My contribution goes beyond what sanitation companies can do, delves into roles where other companies like media and MFI bring on the table.]]>
Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Thu, 08 Dec 2016 11:59:50 +0000
Using Wastewater to Flush out Drug Dealers - by: F H Mughal Using Wastewater to "Flush" out Drug Dealers

Those of us, well-versed with wastewater management, will find it hard to believe that wastewater can be used for crime prevention, or more appropriately, to “flush” out the drug dealers!

Here it is how, in brief – more can be read at:

In some European cities, the wastewater is sifted so that police can track down the crime by studying the results. It is called wastewater-based epidemiology.

The toilet bowl and its contents, once extremely private, are becoming public. Improved sensing techniques and analysis have made the contents of sewers and waste pipes a powerful source of data. Although people may tell lies, the urine they send down the drain rarely does.

For a decade or so, the analysis of wastewater has mostly been used to obtain information that people would prefer others did not have — their use of illegal drugs. Drugs broken down in the body leave telltale traces of metabolites, some of which can be found, quantified and back-calculated to work out how much of the original substance was present.

Combined with a reliable estimate of the number of people who may have contributed to the sample, the analysis can offer guidance on average consumption and how it changes.

Heroin use in one European city was estimated by measuring morphine in the sewers and subtracting what was known to have been prescribed medically. Between October 2013 and December 2014, the scientists estimated that average daily consumption of pure heroin in the city was 13 grams. During the study, the police arrested two dealers, and analysis of phone records and interviews with users suggested that the dealers sold about 6 grams a day between them, about half the total market. This supported police intelligence that heroin, unlike other drugs such as methamphetamine, was supplied by a small number of local dealers who could be effectively targeted.

When they flush the toilet, most people don’t think about what happens next. You can flush, but you can’t hide.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 08 Dec 2016 10:14:44 +0000