SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Sun, 23 Oct 2016 22:01:19 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: 5th Annual Virtual MHM in WinS Conference Columbia University and UNICEF October 25th 2016 - by: danikacomey
Thank you so much for your questions and thank you for registering for the 5th Annual Virtual Conference on Menstrual Hygiene Management in WASH in Schools, Capturing Girls’ Voices: Channeling Girls’ Recommendations into Global Advocacy and National Level Change. This year’s presentations come from a range of countries, including Nepal, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, El Salvador and Kenya. For the first time, this year’s conference will include a donor panel to hear perspectives at the policy and resource level.

To answer your insightful questions, the agenda becomes available upon registration. However, I am attaching the agenda in a PDF form to this post for those who are curious. If you are interested in registering for the conference, please use the following link. We recommend copying and pasting the link into a new web browser.

The conference will be held on 25 October 2016 from 8 AM – 4 PM EDT/New York Time. We are excited to bring you a virtual poster session this year featuring 15 submissions from around the world. The list of posters is attached to this post as well. The agenda is also currently online when you log onto the platform.

Please see below for a few equivalent time zones that indicate the starting time of the conference:

London: 1:00PM
Cairo: 2:00PM
Delhi: 5:30PM
Tokyo: 9:00PM
Sydney: 11:00PM

On the day of the conference, please use your email address to log on to the conference platform at The platform is not password-protected, so your email alone will give you access to the platform. The email address that you used to register is the one where you are currently receiving this email. You are not required to download any special software in order to participate in the conference. Once logged onto the system, you will be able to follow along with the presentations and submit any questions you may have to the presenters.

If you have any additional questions, please email us at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

On behalf of Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health and UNICEF, we look forward to connecting with you on 25 October online and having your active participation in the conference!

All best wishes,

Danika Comey (On behalf of the 5th Virtual Conference on MHM in WinS Organizing Committee)]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sun, 23 Oct 2016 15:08:33 +0000
Re: New MHM brief available from PMA2020: Niger - by: SusannahClemence what question was asked to generate the percentage that 'report having everything they need to manage menstruation'?
What is the criterion for 'a facility'?
What is considered an adequate 'place to dispose of used materials'? Does this include effective processing of this waste? If so, what are the criteria for judging its effectiveness?
I have to state my position: based on my enquiries, I would consider reusable cloths - hand-washed and sun-dried - an efficient, clean, environmentally-sound and cost-effective menstrual management technology. However, I can only opine this in theory, rarely if ever having used one, being now postmenopausal, and living in a country with relatively little sunshine and no recent culture of using menstrual cloths. So I am extremely curious as to the real-life experiences, feelings and opinions of women who do habitually use cloths.]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sun, 23 Oct 2016 13:56:10 +0000
Re: Introducing the Thematic Discussions on Private Sector Engagement in Sanitation and Hygiene - by: solidrock4 Kobina]]> Thematic Discussion 6: Private sector engagement in sanitation and hygiene - Exploring roles across the sanitation chain (WSSCC in Oct/Nov 2015) Sat, 22 Oct 2016 08:26:24 +0000 Re: Engaging Households in Dialogue to Design WASH and Nutrition Interventions in Sierra Leone - by: Esther
I read SPRING WEBSITE 'TIPS' with interest and congratulate you with the findings. It certainly proved the knowledge to consult user of the WASH project first before implementing it. We have been conducting WASH in 88 villages since 2012 here in Henganofi district of Papua New Guinea.

If I may introduce you to CLTS hub/ website. It is called Community Led Total Sanitation. the sites has training manuals we have been using to effect the behaviour of communities to initiate sanitary facilities and hygiene practises. I hope you find the site and the materials useful in your work.

Wish you well and success in your work.

Cheers from
BabyWASH Sat, 22 Oct 2016 06:08:34 +0000
Re: Filling the gaps in integration - by: Esther
I certainly agree with you and the academic that ' the simplest way of preventing under nutrition was to keep the child healthy in the first place'

According to my experience, and I would like to respond to your question. ' in what level should these messages be agreed upon'. I would suggest two levels. That is the local level and the global level.

This is because at the local level we are encouraging and have set one of the 10 criterias in our WASH project site is the criteria 'nutritional back yard garden'. Touching The Untouchables (TTU) is using the 10 health promoting home criteria to be selected to receive gravity fed water supply projects.

The rewarding result is that children have access to fruits and vegetables throughout the day.We have seen obvious nutritional improvements in children in our project sites.We have total of 88 project sites (villages).

At the global level. A research can be conducted to see best nutritional practices in WASH. We (TTU) may have case to present at the research for global level to use has a common message.

In my context the regional and national level will cooperate in these messages. Because this practise is happeing at the local level and it is researched justified by research to be global message.

This my opinion and I hope my response helps to answer your question.

Cheers from Jesse]]>
Theme 3: Defining the Gaps Sat, 22 Oct 2016 05:53:56 +0000
Re: Request for advice on UDDT slab design - and drying in vaults that are below ground? - by: canaday
I agree with Elisabeth that it is great to avoid or minimize the steps. Plus you are working in Ethiopia, not here in the Amazon, so the water table is likely very deep in the ground and flooding is not likely to happen.

I am sorry to say that I have trouble understanding your plan for the squat slab, but I would nonetheless like to offer the following comments:
-- Round drop holes for feces would be easier to keep clean. These could even be formed with short sections of PVC pipe and thus be even easier to keep clean.
-- If the urine basin is to be molded individually in concrete, it would be hard to clean and it would absorb some percentage of urine and thus produce odors. The plastic funnel that JKM mentions might be a great option.
-- This seems to be a 2-chambered UDDT, so how do the Tiger Worms fit in?
-- Since this is for a refugee camp, it seems the toilets would receive a lot of use and each chamber may likely fill before 6 months has passed and proper treatment would not have time to occur, unless the chambers are very large. In any case, the amount of use would likely be unpredictable, thus a 1-chambered UDDT with interchangeable containers may be preferable. These containers could be woven, polypropylene sacks in which rice, flour and other foods come to the camp; they can be held open on plastic bins or woven baskets. Filled sacks could be stored in a shed that works as a solar oven, or they could be buried in the ground for over a year.

Have you ruled out the ArborLoo? I think that would be a great option for there, since no one has to worry about urine separation and no one ever comes in contact with fresh feces or even decomposed feces, just the delicious fruits on the trees. I can imagine teams of refugee men building them and teams of teenagers digging the holes, relocating them and planting trees. If cement floors are done, these could be round and rolled from site to site. The privacy structure could be separate and lightweight.

Some of these ideas can be seen on

Please keep us informed.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Urine diversion systems (includes UDDT and UD flush toilet) Sat, 22 Oct 2016 01:32:51 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: fmeulman
Thanks for your response! Indeed, the Red Cross / Open House program should be approached as a testing program. If substantial funds are required to get a prototype going, which indeed for some can be a need, than at the moment we don’t have the opportunity to fulfill this need.

In the program, attention will be paid to problem-solution fit, the business model, testing (does it actually work), and positioning of the product in the market.

What we can offer as a tailor-made solution afterwards is matching with various launching customers to enable commercialization, and if needed, financing.

So see these as chronological steps.

Thanks for the heads up on your earlier efforts. Sorry to hear that it had to be shelved. Yes, BMGF has different characteristics in terms of pre-prototype funding. Wouldn’t this be useful for your ideas/example/project?

Also appreciate very much your comment on ATADs. Will get a look into this.

Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 15:24:27 +0000
New MHM brief available from PMA2020: Niger - by: aks0813
PMA2020 has just released our newest data brief on MHM practices in Niger.

Results from the first round of data collection in Niger indicate that only 44% of women have everything they need for proper MHM – such as clean materials, a facility, pain medication, and places to dispose of used products. Additionally, rural women in Niger are consistently less likely to have safe, clean and private MHM facilities compared to those in urban settings. Findings also include which environments women are using for MHM including the bush/backyard, sleeping area, or various types of sanitation facilities. The survey included 3,031 females of reproductive age (15 to 49 years).

Additional briefs featuring MHM findings from other program countries are forthcoming. We invite you to download and share the Niger briefs (also attached).]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Fri, 21 Oct 2016 15:03:06 +0000
Re: Request for advice on UDDT slab design - and drying in vaults that are below ground? - by: muench
I really like your plan to build UDDTs without stairs. So many times I've seen UDDTs with steep and narrow stairs and wondered "is this really a good idea? How about the elderly and people with disabilities?!".
My gut feeling is that having the vaults below ground wouldn't be that detrimental to drying. Wouldn't most of the drying be influenced rather by the correct vent pipe arrangement and - more importantly - by users taking care of not letting urine enter the faeces vault? (provided you can ensure that no rainwater or flood water enters your vaults)

Also, I remember the UDDTs built in the Durban area used the slope of the ground to do away with stairs but still have the vaults mostly above ground. The user enters the toilet at the higher part of the slope and the access doors is at the lower part of the sloping ground. That's if the area is sloping a bit (see case study from 2011 here: and more documents in SuSanA library can be found by using the search term eThekwini).

Would be great if someone from EnviroSystems in South Africa could also comment. I will alert Jacques to this thread.

Please do let us know how you get on with those UDDTs in Ethiopia.

Urine diversion systems (includes UDDT and UD flush toilet) Fri, 21 Oct 2016 14:48:51 +0000
Re: Request for advice on UDDT slab design - and drying in vaults that are below ground? - by: Angus

Therefore, I think they will be ok slightly buried.

Thanks for the advice - I would never have thought of that myself.

Urine diversion systems (includes UDDT and UD flush toilet) Fri, 21 Oct 2016 14:02:10 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: JKMakowka It doesn't seem like there is any direct financial support to build the prototype or something like that?

I was actually working on this exact topic a few years back trying to do a PhD in sanitary engineering, but ultimately I had to shelve the idea because there was no-one willing to fund the production of a prototype. Yeah, maybe I am a bit bitter in that regard, but really: couldn't it be done like the Gates Foundation's innovation challenges that pre-select candidates and give a small start-up fund to get things rolling?

Anyways, I did a lot of research on this, and in my opinion the only technology capable of fulfilling the above requirements are ATADs. Maybe this company could be contacted and asked if they want to participate:

Back then they were mildly interested in the idea (really almost exactly what this project is asking for), but couldn't justify the expenses for building and testing a prototype.]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 13:25:39 +0000
Re: Time taken for faecal sludge tankers to discharge? - by: Janexi
I work with a 4200l truck it only takes 7 to 15 minutes and it also depends with what type of effruent tht you are working on

Kind regards

Janexi Suppliers]]>
Faecal sludge transport (including emptying of pits and septic tanks) Fri, 21 Oct 2016 12:02:31 +0000
FSM innovation challenge - initiated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: fmeulman
Hi from a collaborative project between The Netherlands Red Cross and Open House - Amsterdam, The Netherlands. With this post I would like to create awareness of a new sanitation innovation challenge.

The Netherlands Red Cross is calling on companies to present innovative solutions for faecal sludge collection and treatment, to be used during humanitarian response. The Red Cross partners with Open House as the latter enables access to music festivals as a safe testing ground.

Please feel free to inform anyone that could contribute to this challenge. Below is a short description of the problem, some design requirements, and information to subscribe / get in contact.

The development of suitable treatment and disposal methods of large quantities of human excreta in (post) emergency settings has often been neglected due to other priorities. We aim to develop a system that can be rapidly deployed to safely collect and treat faecal sludge to prevent further harm to people affected by humanitarian disasters. The common problem regarding treatment and disposal facilities for emergency situations is the unavailability of cost-effective, rapid-deployable, low-tech and effective methods for the treatment and disposal of faecal sludge.

Solution design requirements
  • Small land footprint (<500m2)
  • Easily transported (flat pack, light and compact design; according to the following formula: 1m3 transport volume = 100m3 operational volume)
  • Can be installed on the surface rather than being dug-in the ground in case of floods / hard bedrock; Also usable in urban contexts
  • At least some of the material can be sourced locally
  • Installation is quick (no more than 2 weeks) and can be done with simple tools
  • Capable of dealing with liquid and semi-solid sludge (20m3 per day)
  • Minimum 2log pathogen reduction (99%) decontamination capacity
  • Waste does not need secondary treatment; can safely disposed of (e.g. dump-site)
  • Not dependent on existing infrastructure, can be deployed independently for 3mnths
  • If necessary supplied with own generator
  • Reasonable initial investment cost (<75k USD) and reasonable operational costs
  • Reasonable training requirements and labour requirements
  • The technology should be beyond initial design phase and have potential to scale-up
  • Supplied with scope for local business plan

Please submit proposals through
  • Click on ‘Register’ at the bottom of the page.
  • Then select ‘programs’ in the drop-down
  • Halfway the next page at ‘select a challenge’, select ‘humanitarian’ from the drop-down box.
  • All proposals should be in English.
  • Operational (prototype) testing should be possible during summer 2017.
  • Ideas / solutions not required to be fully developed or commercialized when submitted.
  • In the form, include technical, financial, user-acceptance and business model details.
  • Business model innovation is encouraged too: renting instead of owning? Or…?
  • You may add information on evaluation or operational test results.
  • The methodological and analytical rigour and independence of tests will be taken into account when assessing the track record.
  • Please provide a brief description of the track record of the company and (if applicable) details of previous projects and adaptations made to current models, evaluations and operational testing, and user-satisfaction surveys.
  • Do include a brief description of how the technology will be deployed or developed on site, and if prior preparation and/or local input is required of local populations.
  • A brief description of how the installed solution would be sustained – without additional external funding – and how the approach could be scaled up in the future also needs to be included.

Here you can find a file with all information:

Selected solutions will be introduced and operationally tested at selected festivals in 2017 in collaboration with and under the operations of Open House. After, The Red Cross can decide to apply successful pilots in aid camps. The Innovation Committee reserves the right to reject some or all applications.

Again, please feel free to inform companies or people you know that could contribute to this challenge. If you have any questions or require more information, feel free to contact Freek Meulman (Open House) at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or 0031 618 725 204.

Thank you,

Freek Meulman]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 11:36:06 +0000
Re: Filling the gaps in integration - by: kcrampah Theme 3: Defining the Gaps Fri, 21 Oct 2016 10:57:30 +0000 Re: Filling the gaps in integration - by: kcrampah Theme 3: Defining the Gaps Fri, 21 Oct 2016 10:43:04 +0000