SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Tue, 28 Jun 2016 20:22:14 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Joint Sector Review (JSR) - by: JKMakowka
However it is also very much government and state donor driven, with civil society and non-state donors largely in a observer role only or not present at all (mainly the humanitarian sector that worked in the northern areas with refugee camps).

Overall my impression was that its impact is probably overstated. It seemed more like a generally useful thing to have an annual meeting, but by itself it probably does not have much impact. However not having it might also lead to some negative impact, thus I guess overall it is a good idea. I just don't think they are very "critical" and have much impact.]]>
Government as a driver Tue, 28 Jun 2016 02:56:14 +0000
Joint Sector Review (JSR) - by: jsauer
Rural Water Supply Joint Sector Review Study]]>
Government as a driver Mon, 27 Jun 2016 20:17:30 +0000
Article on innovative handwashing project in Kenya - by: campbelldb Sanitation Updates.

Handwashing With a Water-Efficient Tap and Low-Cost Foaming Soap: The Povu Poa “Cool Foam” System in Kenya. Global Health: Science and Practice, June 2016.

Authors: Jaynie Whinnery, Gauthami Penakalapati, Rachel Steinacher, Noel Wilson, Clair Null, Amy J Pickering.

The new handwashing system, designed with end user input, features an economical foaming soap dispenser and a hygienic, water-efficient tap for use in household and institutional settings that lack reliable access to piped water.

Cost of the soap and water needed for use is less than US$0.10 per 100 handwash uses, compared with US$0.20–$0.44 for conventional handwashing stations used in Kenya.


Soap security: The soap foamer is attached to the system, preventing theft.

Affordability: Just 5 g of powdered or liquid soap mixed with 250 mL of water can provide 100 uses for US$0.10 (cost includes soap and water).

Hygienic: The innovative swing-tap design is bidirectional and can be used with the back of the hand or wrist, limiting recontamination of hands after handwashing.

Water-frugality: The water flow is sufficient for handwashing while providing a 30-77% reduction in water usage compared with conventional methods.

Scalability: Components are specifically designed for low-cost mass production and deployment, estimated at US$12 per unit.

Adaptable: The 2 handwashing station configurations can be adapted to meet different needs and preferences and can be used in households and institutional settings, such as schools and health centers.]]>
Hygiene and hand washing Mon, 27 Jun 2016 15:29:02 +0000
Re: Assessing Odor Issues and Control Strategies for the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge - Duke/University of Colorado, Boulder, USA - by: kathyjooss
The results of our odor survey support your points. One additional factor in the level of odor is regular maintenance. Dirty latrines can result in less cleaning which creates a vicious circle. In general, no one solution is going to solve the odor problem, or be useful in all scenarios. In some instances, a filtration, or odor adsorption device could be the best option. Similarly, a fan may improve odor in the latrine, but cleaning may do even more if it is dirty inside.

Lastly, odor control mechanisms that remove odor causing chemicals from the air are very important to larger scale operations that are being developed as part of the Reinvent the Toilet initiative. Drying, burning, and other processes cause odors that are off-putting, and venting such things only moves the issue from the source to the surroundings. Eliminating odors could have a big impact on certain projects viability in the long run.

Kathy on behalf of the Duke odor team]]>
Odour issues Mon, 27 Jun 2016 15:08:12 +0000
Thoughts and feedback - by: secretariat
before the documentation of the Kampala WASH Symposium will be published, we want to hear from YOU:

What is your feedback on the symposium? What did you learn and take away from it? What is important to keep in mind and follow up from now on?

We're looking forward to your thoughts!

Kind regards,

(on behalf of the SuSanA secretariat)]]>
Kampala WASH Symposium, Uganda (20-23 June 2016) with 21st SuSanA meeting Mon, 27 Jun 2016 14:54:17 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: canaday
I searched for Cooperl's TRAC system and there is very little information ... and that little bit contradicts itself. This is likely because they do not want anyone to copy them. In summary, it seems that the urine flows down the sloped floors into buried tanks. The feces apparently get scraped off the floor and some of the sources say they make biogas, others say that they simply dry the feces out to be sold as a soil conditioner.

I like the idea of keeping the urine separate and getting the feces into a biogas reactor as soon as possible, but I think it can be done in a cleaner and more economical way by "house training" the pigs. Dogs and cats get house-trained, so why not pigs? Pigs tend to not deposit at random in their pens, but in certain spots. I suspect the pigs would also prefer their excrement to disappear, if given the chance.

Training could include disagreeable sounds when they miss and treats to eat when they get it right. Designs could be different for males and females.

I think it would be good to combine this with deep bedding, since the pig would be happier and healthier, plus the deep bedding would deal with any "accidents" of feces or urine. The bedding should not have to be changed during the entire life of the pig.

On a separate note, do you have experience with the numerous biogas reactors in China? What economical design would you recommend for processing the feces and stomach contents at a slaughterhouse?

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Featured Users Mon, 27 Jun 2016 13:43:07 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: scottchen Thank you for your valuable information. Unfortunately, Youtube is not allowed in China. I can not watch theat vedio.

Deep Bedding is not new to us. I was born in central China where we grow rice mainly. Each familiy make a rice straw bed for the pigs and the bufferlo. But now, individual peasants can not affort to raise pigs by themselves because of the high labor cost. Huge pig farms are producing pork of us and they do not use the deep bedding technology which takes a lot of time.

As for the UD peggery, a Frech company, Cooperl, has been working on it since 2010.The system is name TRAC which can separate the urine from solid waste very efficiently.

best wishes
Featured Users Mon, 27 Jun 2016 06:26:41 +0000
Re: Managing menstruation in the workplace: an overlooked issue in low- and middle-income countries - by: donaldkasongi Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sun, 26 Jun 2016 08:06:54 +0000 Re: Managing menstruation in the workplace: an overlooked issue in low- and middle-income countries - by: emmanuelkas2004 Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sun, 26 Jun 2016 07:31:32 +0000 Re: Human fecal and pathogen exposure pathways in rural Indian villages and the effect of increased latrine coverage - by: bowenarrow Ross]]> Health issues and connections with sanitation Sun, 26 Jun 2016 00:33:36 +0000 Re: Thematic Discussion "WASH & Nutrition" (Part 3): Progressing the agenda - What do we want to achieve? - by: CompostEra Consider this: the US was first out using chemical fertilizer on a massive scale and the US also dons the, without comparison, largest population of obese people in the world ... coincidence ? I don't think so. If we don't feel full from what we eat we keep eating , hoping that quantity with deliver what quality did not give us. The human feces and animal excreta contains a fair amount of those micronutrients and this is one reason for extracting the human excreta in a chemically clean form and feed our plants with it, once processed.
This is the reason for the new strategy of ... we need those micronutrients contained in the fecal excreta and we can get in a clean form when we don't mix our excretion with large amounts of water and then mixing it further with sewage !
Try the easy-to-read flip-chart of www, and see why the new tech of dry toilets make so much sense.]]>
Theme 3: Progressing the agenda – What do we want to achieve? Sat, 25 Jun 2016 21:46:33 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: canaday
It is great to learn more about you. I am glad you studied English so now you can share your experiences with us.

I have also thought of making a urine-diverting piggery. Pigs are very intelligent and much cleaner than most people think.

A great existing technology is Deep Bedding for Pigs, where some 50 cm of coarse, dry, organic matter is kept on the floor to absorb the urine, and, since the pig will dig and root, it covers the feces itself. In 6 months, when the pig goes to the slaughterhouse, beautiful soil goes back to the farm. No water is wasted and the river is not affected at all.

This could be combined with urine diversion. It may be much easier to do for male pigs, but even if it only works for half of this pigs, this would still be a huge advance.

On a separate note, did you see this new Waterless Urinal design?
It would be very practical to set these up in the schools you work at. Students would mostly need to urinate at school, this keeps the urine entirely separate from feces, and no pumping is needed.

I look forward to seeing more news from you.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Featured Users Sat, 25 Jun 2016 13:27:22 +0000
Re: Video about two dry sanitation service models by utilities in Peru - by: CeciliaRodrigues
Is there any chance that you got this video translated into English? Otherwise, can you recommend me something along these lines?

Thanks a lot in advance!
Urine diversion systems in countries of the global North and in cities Fri, 24 Jun 2016 14:45:24 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: scottchen Thank you for your comments and encouragment to me. China has the biggest demand for safe food. There is a great space for me to work. I will keep on working to turn the toilet business biggger and bigger with more profits.]]> Featured Users Thu, 23 Jun 2016 23:57:18 +0000 Re: Thematic Discussion "WASH & Nutrition" (Part 3): Progressing the agenda - What do we want to achieve? - by: Jona Summary Part Three

Dear all,

Please find here a brief summary of Part 3 of the Thematic Discussion:

Advocating for Integration
Advocating for integration comprises various components, including collaborating in new partnerships; influencing at local, national and global level; taking advantage of “moments” (e.g. Rio Growth Summit, Stockholm WWW), and improving the ability to holding decision-makers to account.
Thoughts: Twice the number of stakeholders to be addressed? - What are other special challenges in advocating for strengthening a nexus?

For sustainable solutions, integration is the buzzword and the key. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can serve as the overarching umbrella. SDG 2: Zero Hunger. SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being. SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation.
Thoughts: What other overlaps exist and how can potential synergies unfold effectively?

Specific Targeting
Advocacy for the public: Highlighting risks of food contamination nutrition-borne diseases (food hygiene, food storage); incorporating WASH components in nutrition education programmes at community level.
Advocacy for policy-makers: Emphasising the medium- and long-term economic impact of ignoring the synergy of WASH and nutrition by quantifying economic losses.

Advocacy Tools
- Collaboration with nutrition campaigns
- Build on economic impact as one convincing strategy
- Institutionalize the dialog and partner with other organisations on various scales e.g. national scale Coalition Eau (France), German WASH Network (Germany) …
- Create awareness among organisations to achieve better outcomes with little effort when thinking beyond one’s own sector
Thoughts: Are policy-makers more likely to be convinced by positive success-stories?

Incentives for a Two-Way Integration
WASH into Nutrition: The multiple pathways through which WASH directly and indirectly impact on nutrition has provided a clear rationale for embedding WASH components into nutrition policies and plans.
Nutrition into WASH: WASH programmes are not nutrition-sensitive by nature unless designed in such a way to incorporate specific nutrition goals and actions. Integrating nutrition and WASH can offer unique opportunities to drive progress on WASH goals, while leveraging investments across the two sectors to maximise impact and improve cost-effectiveness.

Gaps and Obstacles
There are knowledge and communication gaps between technical experts and decision-makers; deficiencies exist in well documented integrated projects; there is a need for mechanisms to hold governments to account; activities at the interface need improved coordination and a system that facilitates funding for integrated proposals.
Thoughts: Why should WASH & Nutrition be considered with a higher priority than other (integrated) issues (e.g. climate change)?

Latest Progress
- Following to the Bonn WASH Nutrition Forum 2015, the two global partnerships Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement and Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Partnership have developed a working relationship to reflect and support the trend of integration and attest to the growing body of evidence for WASH-Nutrition linkages.
- SUN Movement increasingly highlights WASH investments in nutrition plans.
- ACF is producing an operational manual on WASH & Nutrition integration, which is going to be published this summer.
- WaterAid currently analyses nutrition sector plans to identify if and how WASH is included.
- An increasing number of events comprise a session focusing in the interface. This year in the Stockholm World Water Week 2016, there will be two (Scaling Up Sustainable Body Growth / Water-Nutrition Linkages
- The Global Nutrition Report 2016 for the first time dedicates one chapter to underlying drivers with a special focus on WASH:]]>
Theme 3: Progressing the agenda – What do we want to achieve? Thu, 23 Jun 2016 20:30:26 +0000